Chronic bone loss is rampant – like an epidemic. Predictions calculate an enormous increase in hip and femoral neck fractures, vertebral fractures, etc. In the process, osteoporosis-related fractures lead to immobility and the need for care, to pain and a reduced quality of life.
According to Statistics Austria, around 600,000 to 700,000 Austrians currently suffer from this disease or have a high risk of osteoporosis, with older people being particularly affected and the ratio of diseases in men to women is around 1: 3. It is estimated that four to seven million people are currently affected in Germany, similar rates of concern are being discussed in Switzerland, and osteoporosis is already in seventh place of all chronic diseases. Trend: increasing everywhere.
What is osteoporosis and how do you recognize it? – Osteoporosis (osteo = Greek for bone and poro = hole) describes a disease of the bone that is associated with a reduction in bone mass and a porous bone structure or a decrease in bone density (confirmation can be found in the so-called bone density measurement). This makes the bone prone to breakage. At first, those affected do not even notice their illness, osteoporosis is a “silent illness”. A first indication can be a decrease in body size and the formation of a hunched back – be careful, the bones no longer regenerate as usual and lose strength!
There are many reasons for this: a lack of exercise, an unhealthy lifestyle with a lot of smoke and alcohol (calcium robbers!), Hereditary tendencies, underweight, persistent vitamin and calcium deficiency, the decline in estrogens after menopause in women, too little testosterone in older men Medicines like cortisone, which is considered a real bone killer …
What can you do about it? – Once the body has lost bone mass, rebuilding is difficult, but not impossible with the right medication and plenty of exercise. To prevent osteoporosis, you have to eat lots of calcium-rich foods and exercise a lot. Or some things just do NOT eat!
There are now some serious studies that blame high phosphate and acid-forming diets for the almost epidemic increase in diseases: Some lemonades, fast food, sweets, processed cheese … allegedly hinder the absorption of calcium into the bones.
Speaking of osteoporosis prevention through selected food intake : important sources of calcium are milk and dairy products, hazelnuts as well as spinach and broccoli. Hard cheese is particularly suitable for people who suffer from lactose intolerance, as it is an excellent, almost lactose-free source of calcium. The meal plan should also be high in vitamin D, which can be found in mushrooms, fish, and veal (or formed when you sunbathe). This vitamin is necessary for calcium to be absorbed into the bones in the first place, and it improves coordination between nerves and muscles so that falls are reduced. The intake of Schüssler salts can also have a supportive effect.