Cholesterol is important for our body as it is a building block for every single cell in the body. It is a fat-like substance that is necessary for the formation of vitamin D, bile acid, and various hormones. On the one hand, cholesterol is produced by the human organism itself, on the other hand it is absorbed from the outside through animal food.
Cholesterol is bound to lipoproteins in the blood, which transport the poorly water-soluble cholesterol in the blood better. Lipoproteins are divided according to their density into low density lipoproteins ( LDL ) and high density lipoproteins ( HDL ).
LDL transports cholesterol to the body’s cells and organs, where it is processed. There it is introduced into the cells with the help of receptors. If there is too much LDL cholesterol in the blood, there are too few receptors and deposits in the form of plaques can form on the vessel walls. The blood supply is endangered by the resulting vasoconstriction. In addition, platelets can very quickly accumulate on the plaque areas, forming a clot of blood and closing the vessel. The result is a heart attack.
HDL is the “good cholesterol”. It removes cholesterol from the blood and can even absorb cholesterol that has already been deposited and transport it to the liver. There it is converted into bile acid and excreted in the intestine.
The total cholesterol level should be below 200 mg / dl, with the optimal value for LDL cholesterol being below 100. With 190 and over you belong to the group of risk patients. With good HDL cholesterol, on the other hand, the highest possible value is desirable. If the value is less than 40 in men and less than 50 in women, the risk of heart disease increases.
Often it is sufficient to change the diet to lower the harmful LDL cholesterol. With the help of the right dietary supplements, you can also easily keep the cholesterol level in the normal range, as there are substances that are considered cholesterol-lowering agents .
Garlic helps lower blood pressure and lower levels of the blood lipids triglyceride and cholesterol, both of which have been linked to heart disease.
Bochshornklee is a spice that is often used in Asian cuisine. It lowers total and LDL cholesterol.
Green tea lowers total cholesterol while raising HDL levels. In addition, green tea can inhibit the absorption of cholesterol in the intestines.
Milk thistle is the classic plant for the liver. It supports this important organ that is responsible for the level of cholesterol throughout the body.
Niacin is one of the water-soluble B vitamins that gets the circulation going and contributes to lower LDL levels and higher HDL levels.
Guggul is the resin of the north Indian mukul balsam tree. It lowers the concentration of total and LDL cholesterol as well as triglycerides.
Oyster mushrooms are involved in reducing blood lipids and blood sugar and also improve the immune system.
Vitamin C dilates blood vessels, which improves blood flow. It also has a blood pressure lowering effect.
Resveratrol is an ingredient found in red fruits. The grapes have a particularly high proportion. Taking it lowers the LDL level and also has the positive effect of an anti-aging effect.
Tocotrienol is a class of nutrients in the vitamin E family and appears to inhibit cholesterol production in the liver.
Sterols are herbal compounds that are similar to animal cholesterol. LDL levels drop because sterols slow down the absorption of cholesterol from food.
However, if you suffer from heart disease or another serious illness, or if your cholesterol levels are too high, then the use of dietary supplements must be discussed with your doctor in any case.