They are no more than half a centimeter tall and are still pretty nasty: If the vampires of the summer bite, they can not only transmit TBE (early summer meningoencephalitis), which in the Central European epidemic areas under 1000 meters on average allegedly every 25 to 100 Tick bite is the case. Unfortunately, the small teats also transmit Lyme disease – and that is an infection, the health consequences of which are still greatly underestimated by most people!
Countermeasures are wearing long-sleeved clothing and pants closed at the bottom, as well as precise body checks – e. B.
They live in the grass, in the bushes, in hedges, in the forest, in the swimming pool, on playgrounds … they prefer it to be humid and warm, which is how the ticks are most active after a rainy day in summer. Their animal hosts such as mice, birds, hedgehogs, deer, cats and dogs are being carried to more and more areas that they would not be able to reach “on foot”. So the spread continues to grow.
Unfortunately, according to conservative estimates, at least 25 percent of ticks are infected with Lyme disease – and there are hardly any nature lovers who are not afflicted by a single tick during the entire season …
It starts in a classic way: In a split second, the tick has clung to its host and is now looking for a suitable place on the skin to sting. If you discover the animal quickly and remove it completely and without much squeezing, the risk of infection with Lyme disease is relatively low. The animals “spit” back into their host’s blood when they suckle – the more time they have, the more dangerous the situation. So it makes sense to look carefully at every inch of your body after gardening!
However, if you overlook a tick, it can often soak for hours and infect people with Lyme disease. Since there is no obligation to report this disease (in contrast to TBE), nobody knows exactly how many people are already carrying the virus. However, there are experts who already speak of up to 80 percent … That would then be a dark red alert. Although not all infected people actually get sick – and some only years later.
In general, there are three phases of Lyme disease: At the beginning, a mostly circular reddening can be seen around the puncture (can also be from an infected horsefly!) – sometimes a disc-shaped, hardened, yellowish area can be seen in the middle, sometimes this is omitted the only clear indication of the infection but also completely! If the disease can be diagnosed, only treatment with antibiotics can eliminate the Borrelia from the organism. Detected at an early stage, the borreliosis usually heals completely.
However, things get really scary in phase two and three of the disease, often years after the initial infection: facial paralysis, paralysis of body parts, joint inflammation, nerve failures are the result – and everything from the sting of such a small animal!