According to experts, a quarter of the adult population in Austria suffers from high blood pressure, also known as arterial hypertension. About half of those over 60 are said to be affected. These values are comparable to those in all other western industrial nations.
Blood rich in oxygen and nutrients is transported to the organs via the blood vessels. In order to reach even the most remote corner of our body, a certain pressure must prevail in the bloodstream. Blood pressure is not a stable variable, but depends on performance. In healthy people, for example, it is lower during sleep than during the day, and lower during rest than during physical exertion.
The optimal average blood pressure for an adult is 120/80 mmHg. The first value is also called the systolic value. It corresponds to the pressure in the tension phase of the heart. The second value, the diastolic value, stands for the pressure in the relaxation phase. If the blood pressure is repeatedly 135/85 mmHg or above, it is referred to as arterial hypertension.
A distinction is made here between primary and secondary hypertension. In 90% of the cases it is a primary hypertension . The high blood pressure itself is the disease. In secondary hypertension , high blood pressure is a consequence of diseases of other organs.
Often, high blood pressure does not cause any noticeable symptoms for a long time. Only when organs have already been damaged do the first warning signals appear. These include:
Headache – often on waking and in the back of the head
Difficulty breathing during exercise
If these symptoms occur, you should seek medical help, even if the symptoms are relatively unspecific. High blood pressure can then be determined with the help of repeated measurements or a long-term blood pressure measurement over 24 hours.
In the case of secondary hypertension, the underlying disease must be treated. If this happens, the blood pressure also normalizes as a rule. In primary hypertension, attempts are made to lower high blood pressure by changing lifestyle. These measures include:
Limiting salt consumption
Reduction in fat intake
Restriction of alcohol consumption
less stress and more relaxation
If the change in lifestyle is not enough, the doctor must also prescribe antihypertensive agents. At the beginning of the drug treatment, the patient often feels exhausted, inefficient and tired because the body, which is used to high blood pressure, first has to adjust to the low or normal blood pressure.
For mild to moderate hypertension, various substances can help and support.
- Magnesium helps against narrowed arteries.
- CoQ10 and L-arginine cause the blood vessels to widen .
- Garlic relieves pressure and reduces plaque build-up in the arteries.
- Blueberries support blood flow.
- Hawthorn stimulates the blood flow to the heart.
- Colored nettle (Coleus forskohlii) helps relax the muscle tissue in the vascular walls and appears to promote fat loss.
- Resveratrol lowers blood pressure and blood sugar.